Wednesday, December 28, 2011

How to make Mixed Compost(MC)

Mixed compost is a very useful Natural Farming input. It is made by mixing animal and vegetable organic matter together. Agricultural by- products,leaf molds in the forest,livestock excretion,rice bran,mill run,rice husk,sesame dregs,etc can be MC's ingredients.Also add FPJ,LAB,yeast and FAA for moisture control,this will improve the MC's quality.
MC must mixed with soil ( from mountain and field).Soil from mountain has a lots of mineral and fresh microorganisms.
Soil must be added to compost to hold the nutrients and prevents their loss.

1. Prepare IMO4 and organic matter 1:10 (ingredients of organic matter may differ). Best season to make MC is autumn and winter.
2.Mix ingredients under a roof and protected area from direct sun and rain. Floor should be soil and material should be grater then 500kg. It is difficulty to maintain fermentation heat with smaller volume.
3.Spread and make height of 1 1/2ft (Summer) -3ft (cold) this is to let oxygen get into the material and also control the temp.
4 Adjust moisture 60% with diluted (1:500) FPJ, FAA, OHN, NMA or other inputs. Adding power oyster,crab,shrimp or egg shell is very good. The matter should be slightly wet to the hand and barely maintain shape when squeezed.
5. Cover with straw mat.
6.When temperature reaches 110-120 F turn the materials. Turning the material will lower the temp and allow better aeration. First turning day2,second turning on day 5-6, 3rd turning on day 8-10
7. Control moisture level when necessary.
8. After about 20 days will be completed MC. Well made MC has a sweet smell and if it has stink smell it's not fermentation it's deterioration. In worst cases when you did not turn over well or have too much moisture you will have maggots.
9. You can store MC about 1 year.Keep in cool shade and protected area.


Seawater is not only rich in sodium, it has abundant minerals and other unknown micro nutrients.
They boost the crop's metabolism that is easily deficient of minerals. Most Natural Farming orchards would pick seawater as best input for elevating sugar content of fruits.
Seawater is diluted 1:30 if you use 5 gal of water you will need 20 oz of seawater.

To sweeten the fruits: Add WCA to diluted seawater 1:30
Spray twice,one month before and 20days before harvest.

To prevent feather - loss of chickens in summer:  Feed diluted seawater 1:30, BRV 1:200, WCA 1:500 once in 2 days.

Life come from the sea.It is not just salt water.It is the mother of all life.

How to make Mak Keol Li (Rice wine)

1. Rice 11 lbs.
2. Water 8 quarts
3. Noo Rook (enzyme) 8oz
4. Dry yeast (instant yeast) 1oz
5. Clay Jar > 5 Gallon
6. Steam Cooker
7. Cheese cloth to wrap up the rice
8. Sieve
9. Paint strainer
1. Wash the rice until the water is very clean
2. Soak the rice in water for 3 hours
3. Take out rice & put into the strain able basket to drain water for 1 hour
4. Put the rice into cotton muslin cloth & wrap it into steam cooker to make dry steam cooked rice
5. Dissolve the 1oz of dry yeast into small amount of water
6. Add the dissolved dry yeast into the clay jar or plastic cooler
Add  Noo Rook (enzyme) powder 8oz with 8 quarts of water & mix ,dissolve well
7. Spread the dry cooked rice with cloth on the plastic sheet to cool down/below the body temperature
8. Put the cooled cooked rice into the clay jar or plastic cooler & stir it well
9. Close the jar or cooler with breathable cover (clean cloth or Korean Hanji) & tie it
10. Temperature should be maintained at 77F-82F not over 90F for about 5 days
11. For the first 2-3 days whirl or stir 2x a day. First it may be difficult but as fermentation processes it will become smoother
12. After 5 days stir it well ,then take out part of them sift it through a sieve with gentile rubbing
13. Add equal amount of water to dilute it.

14.Add honey or sweetener
15.Fill into PE bottle & leave at room temperature to ferment for a day. Bottle will become harden due to gas inside the bottle. Place in refrigerator 1-3days. Taste will be better.

Friday, December 16, 2011

Sunday, October 16, 2011

Basic Natural Farming concept/CGNF

Basic of Natural Farming

1. Follow the law of nature

It is a process of merging human wisdom and labor with the nature’s elements like sunlight, air, soil and water.

We need to respect the rights of plants, animals and other life form and the environment like ourselves. Every life has role, respect other’s roles and understand that I and others are inseparable.

True way of farming is based on such recognition.

2. What you need is what is around

What is needed to produce food is always around you.

The miracle is a work of nature, the untouched forest grows denser and soil gets rich with microorganisms and all the beneficial creatures.

Best way to practice Natural Farming is observing the law of the nature.

3. Enjoy the process

Process is more important than the results. A true farmer shall enjoy the process, trust and respect the living forms.

A farmer should have a parental love towards all crops, livestock and all creation.

This is the heart of a true farmer

Natural Farming also tries to develop the best potential of livestock and crops with developing their inner abilities.

4. Go back to empty mind

Natural Farming urges farmers to cast aside what they know.

Have a trust in the Natural Farming.

For example, pull out a plant a soft tilled land, plant roots will come out.

Pull out a plant from untilled land, stem will break off.

Which plant is stronger?

Put yourself in the position of zero then you will able to look at the reality. You will see the potentials of the crops, livestock, microorganisms, sunlight, air, water and the soil.

Look at the roots before the flower, empty yourself before making judgments.

5. Let them help each other

Farmer shall be helper between all beings.

Remember that plants, chickens and the pigs that grow, a farmer cannot make them grow. Leave their roles up to them.

If weeding is a pain, make weeds compete among themselves. Some weeds have beneficial aspect too.

Natural Farming has own inputs, applications, Practice, Nutrient cycle theory etc. Natural Farming requires you to self-produce farming necessities. We can produce our products at lower cost.

Natural Farming is more than a farm technique. It is a philosophy, a new economics and a new way of life.

All Natural Farming inputs are made from natural materials. They are environment friendly and safe.

Some of the major input ingredients are brown rice vinegar, brown sugar, green grass, animal bones, egg shells, fish waste, rice straw, leaf molds, livestock manure, red fine soil, fallen/picked fruit, food waste, etc. Natural Farming does not use pesticides, herbicides, fungicide, insecticide which destroys the environment and threatening consumer’s health.

As for livestock, Natural Farming is almost revolutionary.

No smell, no waste treatment, save energy and all waste are recycled and converted to resources.

What is around you gives you the best performance.

Natural Farming is producing more at less cost that is one of the greatest strengths of Natural Farming. Lower cost is a natural result of homemade materials that works. Make IMO from your field; make natural calcium with eggshells etc.

Natural Farming is a change of thinking, seeking profit not through higher investment but lower cost.

The harvesting or productive period is prolonging because the crops/animals are healthier.

When there are no chemical residue and products are from healthier crops and livestock a natural result is better quality.

Studies on quality and nutrient on Natural Farming products are 30-50% higher than conventional products. Also taste better and they often get much higher price in the market.

Natural Farming is practiced in 37 plus countries and numbers are getting higher. Natural Farming can go to any country, any region and be localized. A plant’s nutrient cycle can be different in countries and climates. So observe and localize it. You have the principles, apply accordingly and nutritive cycle theory gives you the insight into the plant’s lifecycle. Principle remains the same and Natural Farming can be localizes, adapted and applied anywhere.

Farmers can make what their crops/animals need; they give the inputs as a mother feeds her child with Love.

Theory of Natural Farming

1. Use the Nature’s power

Use the historical nutrient of seed. All seed have albumen.

What is albumen to seeds is mother’s milk to human babies. It has concentration of vital power, adaptability and survival strength.

A freshly germinated sprout only consumes nutrients from albumen. If you force it to absorb nitrogen, you are disrupting natural state. Crops develop their full potential to give best yield. Seeds are also treated to bring out the best in them.

All crops and livestock are based on theory called “Nutritive Cycle” management.

2. Use the indigenous microorganisms (IMOs)

Natural Farming stresses the use of “indigenous” microorganisms (IMO) which are produced by farmers themselves. NF uses microorganisms that are safe, easy to make, cheap and very effective. To establish balanced, healthy and vigorous microorganisms on the field the cooperate relationship between the roots and microorganism will make crops grow strong even bad weathers, low or high temperature, long rains or droughts.

Microorganisms will balance on the leaves and stems above the ground.

Some of the important bacteria we want are; photosynthetic bacteria that assimilate carbon, Asotobacter that assimilate nitrogen, antinomies that suppress diseases, yeast fungus that break down saccharide, lactic acid bacteria that break down organic matter at anaerobic condition and the IMO, a mysterious mixture of known and unknown life forms that exercise enormous power.

All Microorganisms must be collected from near the farm, from an open field and cultivated at room temperature then the IMOs will be powerful and adaptable.

Natural Farming is jump toward the future.

Do not use chemical fertilizer.

Sow seeds without base manure. Some farmers think nitrogen is most important. However, when fertilizer is buried as base manure will cut off from oxygen, emitting gas, roots are suffocated.

In Natural Farming, after seeds are treated with the seed treatment solution (SES), they start their new lives on their own. The only essentials for germination are ample oxygen supply and proper temperature. Fertilizers are not given in order to promote the growth of main roots, side roots, and root hairs. Stout, short, broad leaves are good.

3. Do not till the land

If you till the land, the soil becomes soft, but the steel plow breaks soil clusters into particles and after few rains the plowed soil will turn rock hard. Other hand soil clusters have a lot of air and good water drainage. It provides good habitat for microorganisms.

In Natural Farming we do not till the land. We use the nature’s tillers. Aerobic, anaerobic bacteria, fungus, earthworms and mole crickets, moles are mobilized. Miracle will takes place after 2- 3 years. An orchard which the soil used to be rock hard and practiced Natural Farming. The farmer had not tilled the land used IMOs and followed Nutritive cycle, when he stabbed 6’long stick into the soil, it went in all the way like sponge cake.

Using IMOs, your soil will inflate like rubber balloon. This is possible because more space and living creatures have come inside of the land.

4. Do not use herbicides

No tilling is closely related to no weeding. Tilling brings the buried seeds up to the surface. So tilling land is like broadcasting weed seeds. Leave the weeds to germinate and control them before reproduce. Cut them use as mulching or animals feed. Your field surface will be clear of weeds. Use mulching if they haven’t disappeared and do not use plastic mulching. They suffocate the crops.

Rice straw is best for mulching because it has a lot of microbes living on it. Rice straws suppress the weed seeds from germinating and hold moisture, maintain optimum temperature. In Natural Farming we use brown rice vinegar to dwarf the weeds.

For orchard, we leave alone the grass because they have reason to be there. This is called the “wild grass mulching”. The wild grass, rye or clover also holds the moisture; shades soil from the sunlight; provides home for microorganisms and small animals; allows air to penetrate deep into the soil; prevent soil erosion and make nutrients.

Weeds are not removed because they are fertilizer, temperature controller, moisture holder, soil cover, pest controller.

5. Zero emission of livestock wastewater

Natural Farming does not need waste treatment equipment. The livestock feces are fermented on the floor by microorganisms. Livestock pan itself is waste treatment facility, fertilizer producer and feed mixer.

This is done by using the microbes and material circulation is completed.

Possible by utilizing the nature’s powers not men’s.

6. Sow less and reap more

Natural Farming recommends you to plant scarcely. Scarce planting is by no means less productive than dense planting. Natural Farming emphasizes the “formless” nutrients such as sunlight and air. The scarcely located plants can get sufficient sunlight and have good air circulation. Furthermore, they do not have to compete for nutrients.

The nutritive cycle theory

Many Think that the more the nutrients, the better for the crops’ growth. Crops grow according to the Nutritive Cycle not according to the given fertilizer. Stand on the side of the crops, and understand their nature. That will bring out their fullest potentials.

1. Crops also have morning sickness

Like humans, crops also have growth stages such as baby, childhood, teenager, adolescence, adult and old age. They need proper nutrients for the particular stage.

Crops become hungry at 3 or 4 PM in the late afternoon. Feeding the crops at the right time and the right nutrient is crucial.

2. Different stage require different nutrients

In natural Farming, the growth stages of crops are understood precisely. According to the stages of vegetative growth, flowering, fruiting, coloring, and maturing correct diagnosis is given and practiced.

How to comprehend the growth stage

The whole life of plants is divided into the two big stages of the Vegetative growth and Reproductive growth.

Vegetative growth is a stage from the body formation to maturity.

Reproductive growth is from flowering to the ripening of the fruits.

From the vegetative to the reproductive growth does not take place at once. The plant gets ready for reproductive growth carbohydrate increases in their body. The period between the vegetative and the reproductive growth is called the changeover period is flowering stage which is compare to human’s morning sickness.

Vegetative growth is a consuming stage of turning carbohydrate to organic nitrogen by inorganic nitrogen.

The reproductive growth is when the plant does not consume carbohydrate with inorganic nitrogen but stores carbohydrate in fruits or other storage organs (accumulative growth).

With Nutritive Cycle theory we can understand the crops, what, how much they need, what environment shell be provided etc.

Look at the inner conditions of crops

Keep in mind external conditions, this year’s rain fall can change next year. Even the soil fertility is changing constantly.

The inner conditions of crops are also changing according to the growth stages. When they flowering, fruiting, coloring, maturing and dormancy.

The Nutrient cycle will be different for each crops and animals.

Reading this precisely and diagnose accordingly is the biggest secret of Natural Farming.

There are 4 different states of nutrient types in a plant. This information introduced by American scientist, Guross Gureville.

Type1; has lots of water and large nitrogen. Carbohydrate is minimal. The plant has weak vegetative growth and no floral differentiation.

Type2; has medium large water and has medium large nitrogen, also has medium to small C. It has enough carbohydrate for active vegetative growth but floral differentiation is weak. Have flowers and there’s no fruit.

Type3; has medium water and medium nitrogen and medium large Carbohydrate. Floral differentiation is strong and fruit is good.

Type4; has little water and little Nitrogen. No vegetative growth, no fruiting. It went into dormant stage.

Vegetative growth  Cross over period Reproductive growth Dormant

1) Vegetative growthconsumptive, body formation,1st 5-6 leaves, sprout, seedling, growing seedling, grown seedling.

If we compare with human life cycle: sprouting is like birth/Infant. Seedling, growing seedling, grown seedling are like baby/ child/ and teenager. It takes approximate 1& ½ month.

Nutrient needed: Nitrogen (large), Phosphorus (little), Potassium (little), Calcium (little)

2) Cross over periodfloral differentiation, preservative, dissipated storage growth, 2nd 10-11leaves, 3rd 15 leaves, starting stage, middle stage, and final stage. It will take another approximate 1 & ½ month

This period is like adult to early old age period.

Nutrients needed: Nitrogen (little), Phosphorous (large), Potassium (medium), Calcium (medium).

3) Reproductive growthAccumulate growth, maturity, concentrated storage, lowering period, embryo growth, embryo maturity, embryo growth complete and next year seed.

It will take approximately 2 month

This period is like old age to returning home.

Nutrients needs; Nitrogen (little), Phosphorous (medium), Potassium (medium), Calcium (large).

In Natural Farming have 5 primary elements of fertilizer.

Conventional 3 elements of fertilizer are N,P,K and Natural Farming have 2 more elements ,that is Calcium and sea water. They play in high yield and better quality.

Calcium is applied at the later stages of growth. Calcium is helpful when the weather has not been good or when the crops are overgrown. When you have lock of Calcium for fruit and fruity vegetables you can see poor color, immaturity, lock of sweetness in the fruit, softening of meat of fruit, lock of aroma etc. In leafy vegetable we see poor folding of head and root vegetables forms sponge roots and hard body is formed. Also deficiency of sugar content, poor coloring, lack of direction and weakened resistance to diseases and insect occur. Calcium transfers the nutrients initially stored in early stage of coloring period to final storage organs such as fruits and nuts.

Supply minimum necessity of nitrogen

Natural Farming provides the minimum necessity of Nitrogen, so that the crops themselves develop strong photosynthesis. To grow healthy plants, fast acting N should not be used as base manure in the growth stage.

In early and middle stages of Vegetative growth, should give by large amount of N produced by Microorganisms ( that’s way we prepare plot with IMO4 and soil treatment solution 1-2 weeks before planting seed/seedlings). Phosphoric acid and potassium of same amount shall be given once or twice.

In early stage of changeover period when floral differentiation takes place, we use phosphoric acid. And Reproductive stage, in coloring /maturing stage, potassium and calcium are used.

This is the essence of Nutritive Cycle. The farmers should manage ratio of nutrience accordingly condition of the crops and livestock.

Few examples of Natural Farming input material, like Fish waste for making N, animal bones for calcium phosphate, sesame stems for phosphorous, tobacco stems for potassium, eggshells for calcium and seawater etc.

Most important input is Indigenous Microorganism (IMOs)

Why indigenous? No other microorganism adapts with same strength and effectiveness except for the indigenous microorganisms that lived in the local area long time.

IMO is the basis for making fertile soil. What is a fertile land?

The number one priority is making fertility land. In the nature 700 Kg of microorganisms are found to live in 0.1 hectare of land for non-contaminated field.Although it varies depending on how much organic material is contained in the land. With this consumption 70-75% is fungus,20-25% bacteria and 5% small animals.

100 million-1 billion numbers of various microorganisms live in 1g of soil. In the size of 1 human foot print,3,280 aphids, 479 fleas, 74,810 nematodes and 1,845 small earth worms live in harmony; helping the growth of plant on the surface of land. When you make successful environment for the soil condition you will see your land is soft and it will expend upward, right condition and food for the microorganisms and small animals is essential. When you cover hard land with straw mats or straws for 7-10days, you will see white fungus and the land become soft and wet. These environments never fail to attract earthworms. Simply by providing environments for the microorganisms to live in, the land will recovers strength on its own. Proper environment the fungus (IMO) grows first. Then all others will follow. These organisms and animals, in harmony improve the soil condition and help the growth of plants. 90% of the microorganisms those are beneficial to plants lives 3 inches of surface. Best environment for IMO to live are 7 shade 3 light ratio, 65% moisture so to provide that condition. Then water is kept from evaporation and the land is protected from direct sunlight. In order to form these conditions do straw, leave mulching, wild grass mulching and rye sowing. In the nature the land become fertile from top to bottom, not bottom to top.

Saturday, October 1, 2011

Making Brown Rice Vinegar

1. Rinse twice and soak approx. 500g of grain and soak for 12-24 hours.
2. Cook in rice cooker.
3. Place in wide bowl and Mash; pour 250g of rice malt and mix well.
4. Make into porridge consistency with 2 liters of natural water,then apply 2g of dry yeast and mix.
5. Fill in the container( If you have Korean clay container that is the best) to 2/3 of volume,then cover with 2 layer of gauze. Put a coin on top to weigh down the gauze.
6. Keep in an environment outside of the sunlight,external temperature should be 75-85F. it is best not to move the container around.
7. After 6 month, the coin will turn bluish green. Continue to ferment 4-6 month to completion.
8.Filter and collect clear solution in a new container. Approx. 1.6 liters of vinegar is produced.
9. Seal and store in cool area.

Thursday, September 15, 2011

About unfermented "fresh" organic matter

To note on the use of organic fertilizer, you must remember that applying unfermented "fresh" organic matter ( like rice bran,sesame dregs,animal feces,food waste,etc) to the field can be harmful.
First as they decompose, they consume oxygen, depriving soil of oxygen.
Second,they emit ammonia or methane gas as they decompose which harm the crops.It will be worse in greenhouses.
Third, organic matter means food, it attracts pests.
fourth, organic matter will not have effect immediately after application but toward the later stages when you do not desire such effects.

About Natural Minerals

In Natural Farming, it is most important to make soil diverse and abundant minerals. IMO, seawater, red fine soil, and other inputs are also function for that purpose.
We have a very unique farming input called the "Natural Mineral(NM)".
It was developed by Dr.Gawada Gaoru,Gawada Institute,Japan.

Effects of NM
Suppresses damage from relaying cropping and soil disease.Prevents crop diseases, invigorates microorganisms and promotes breakdown of organic matter.

Promote ionization of soil.Improves crop capacity to take in minerals.
Softens the soil,improves aeration, water penetration,water storage and fertility.

Prevents rotting of crop's roots. If you apply mineral before sowing, the seeds will be grow well and be strong against cold/heat.

Promotes photosynthesis,leaves,roots growth,improves quality,taste and yield of crops.
Promotes activity of enzyme,controlling the crop's growth,prevents overgrowth, help floral differentiation and increases number of ripe fruits.

Cautions in using NM
Do soil treatment before plowing.
Growth promotion minerals should be used after germination or one week after root settlement of seedlings.
NM must be diluted 1,000 times.
Do not use two different minerals together.
Use mineral again at least after one week.

Natural Mineral A (NMA)
Used for soil,seed/seedling treatment.

Restores mineral balance in soil, boosts microorganism activities,and suppresses relayed cropping damages or diseases.

Soil treatment: apply 1,000-2,000 liters of NMA(1:1000) per 1/4ac before plowing.
If soil is suffer from serious relaying cropping damages first apply IMO and LAB ( or yeast) onto the field.
Anaerobic microorganisms dig into soil and aerobic ones follow
soil is enriched.

Low temperature before harvest : Mix/apply IMO,NMA(1:1000),BRV(1:500),LAB(1:1000),OHN(1:1000),FPJ(1:500).

Natural Mineral B,C (NMB & NMC)
Both are used to promote Type II growth.
NMB is for root crops, NMC for leafy/fruity vegetables and general crops.
Promotes enzyme activities and photosynthesis makes vigorous roots/branches.Restores mineral balance in body fluid of plants, maintains freshness.

For soil irrigation dilute NMB or NMC 1:1000.
Water the soil with 1,000-2,000 liter per1/4 ac.

For leaves spray dilute NMB or NMC 1:1000.Apply on leaves with 200 -300 liter per1/4 ac.

Fruit trees dilute NMC 1:1000 and apply 2,000 liter per 1/4 ac.
Apply NMA 1:1000 directly after harvest 2,000 liter per 1/4 ac.

Natural Mineral D (NMD)
NMD promotes floral differentiation,reproductive growth and ripeness of fruits.
It is normally used in changeover period.

NMD allows good fertilization  and fruiting in low or high temperature.

Increases yield because it is very effective in promoting floral differentiation.How ever if the tree or branches are weak,NMD can produce many but low quality fruits.
If the tree seems weak use NMD with FAA.

For soil irrigation dilute NMD 1:1000 and apply 1,000-2,000 liter per 1/4 ac or spray 200-300 liters on leaves.

Saturday, August 20, 2011



A poem for a way of life

Max Ehrmann

Go placidly amid the noise & haste, & remember what peace there may be in silence.

As far as possible without surrender be on good terms with all persons.

Speak your truth quietly & clearly; and listen to others, even to the dull & the ignorant; they too have their story.

Avoid loud & aggressive persons, they are vexatious to the spirit.

If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter;

for always there will be greater & lesser persons than yourself.

Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble;

it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs;

for the world is full of trickery. But let not this blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals;

and everywhere life is full of heroism.

Be yourself.

Especially, do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity & disenchantment it is as perennial as the grass.

Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue & loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself.

You are a child of the universe, no less than the trees & the stars; you have a right to be here.

And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should.

Therefore be at peace with God whatever you conceive Him to be. And whatever your labors & aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery & broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world.

Be cheerful. Strive to be happy.

Sunday, August 14, 2011

My Daji

My Daji is growing and she is very happy girl.

I make her food with brown rice soak in water,Papaya or sweet potato,2 or 3 eggs from my hens,3-4 cups of store food and greens.

Thursday, July 21, 2011

Busy July,2011

Had very busy,fun and great learning experiences with teaching HCC Natural Farming and learning from Master Cho this month.
100% natural food will be every where !!!

Saturday, May 14, 2011

Put wire on the chicken coop floor

I am having rat and maybe mongoose problems.Lost 15 chicks last 10days.Hope this will work...

Saturday, April 30, 2011

Lactic Acid Bacteria(LAB)

   Lactic acid bacteria are anaerobic microorganisms that decompose sugar into lactic acid in the absence of oxygen. Normally, they are separated and cultured with first rice washed water and milk.
Lactic acid bacteria are very effective in improving ventilation of air in soil and highly effective in growth of fruit trees and leaf vegetables. The lactic acid or organic acid produced have a ph2, possessing strong sterilization power. They can survive with or without oxygen and withstand high temperature. Lactic acid decomposes or chalets minerals stuck to soil and not easily dissolved making easy for the plants to absorb.
And when plants absorb lactic acid,body fluid is adjusted within the plant to increase the tolerance and withstand heavy rain without becoming soft.

How to make LAB

2 jars( one big and one medium),porous paper,rubber band or string,first rice-washed water,milk( un processed,if possible)
Optimum temperature is 75F-80F,shady area,little change in the environment.
1.Put first rice washed water 2/3 of medium jar.Cover with porous paper and tie it. Let it sit in room temperature 3-5 days.
Lactic acid bacteria propagate and start to give a sour smell.

2. Pour 1 part of fermented rice water and pour 10 part of milk in the jar(1:10 ratio).Let it sit 5-7days.You will see starch, protein and fat float on top and yellow liquid remains at the bottom.Remove floating substance,save yellow liquid and store in a refrigerator.
To store in room temperature, it must be mixed with equal amount of brown sugar.

How to use LAB

Basic dilution is 1 part LAB:1000 part water. IMO are mostly aerobic microorganisms, so by using the anaerobic LAB, you can get a balance. Add LAB when you making mixed compost or liquid fertilizer, you will have the best fermentation results.It will be even better if you add FPJ. If you failed in making compost try using LAB it will prevent the deterioration of the compost.
Combine LAB with IMO to spray onto your fields.Anaerobic microorganisms are powerful tillers they dig into the soil and turn them soft and fluffy.
Feed LAB(1:1000) with FPJ(1:500) to your live stock when they have disease.It will restore their digestive system.
LAB is extremely effective in making big size fruits and leaves. But if you use too much sweetness will drop.So in case of fruits use less LAB in the later stages and add WCA(1:1000) and SW(1:30) to manage proper sugar level.
In Natural Farming all inputs are used with precision timing and quantity based on strict scientific theory.
We believe it is ideal to have culturing condition that is both aerobic and anaerobic.So the end product can be adopt to both environments.

Monday, April 18, 2011

Summer fruite vegetable nutrients

Vegetative growth(Young age) formula
Spray once a week(can be 5-6 days) about 3-4 times

OHN 1:1000
BRV 1:500
FPJ(mugwart,dropwart) 1:500
FAA 1:1000
WCAP 1:1000
NM C 1:1000

Change over (Flowering stage)
If you grow your crops in green house dilute 10-15% more.

OHN 1:1000
BRV 1:500
FPJ ( Acacia or Young green fruit) 1:500
WCAP 1:1000
NM D 1:1000

Reproductive stage (Fruiting,Harvest stage)
When you start harvesting spray once a week or every 5 days.

OHN 1:1000
FAA 1:1000
WCAP 1:1000
FFJ 1:500
WCA 1:1000
SW (sea water) 1:30

Friday, April 8, 2011

About Kim

Kim CS Chang started as Artist. She studied art at Ewha Woman's university at Seoul Korea,Hawaii community college and University of Hawaii at Hilo.She had countless art exhibitions.

She also intrest in Hawaii culture studied at community college and learning Hula from "Halau o Kekuhi" since 1997.

In business side she has involved in beauty industry since 1979 and she was one of the top 60 manager at Regis corporation.

When she was working as realtor she was top producer for ERA pacific Properties.

She studied" Cho Global Natural Farming","Permaculture"," water for life "and "CDTS"at University of Nation in Kona
Also Studied at founder of Cho Global Natural Farming school in Korea
She has been teaching CGNF last 2-3 years.

She always love nature and sports with nature.She learned advanced open water scuba diving at Moorea(1985), open water long distance swimming,Down hill skiing etc.

Thursday, April 7, 2011


Sea water is not only rich in sodium, it has abundant minerals and other unknown micro nutrients. They boost the crops'metabolism that is easily deficient of minerals.It is annual event for Natural Farmers to travel to the sea and bring seawater for one year's use.Most NF orchards would pick up seawater as the best input for elevating sugar content of fruits.Seawater is diluted by 30 times,sun dried salt by 1,000 times.

How to use seawater

1.To sweeten the fruits.Add WCA(1:1000) to dilute seawater. Spray twice ;month before harvest and then 20days before harvest.
2.To prevent feather loss of chickens in summer.Feed diluted seawater,BRV(1:200),WCA(1:500) once in 2 days.

Human Excrement Liquid Fertilizer (HLF)

What is HLF?

This particular liquid fertilizer is made from fermented human excrement. Human excrement are outstanding fertilizer rich in nutrients compared to animals excrement. Human bowel was utilized in farms some time ago. However,it is very rare today due to problems including parasites. If human bowel is used by itself,the biggest problem is the concentration.Human excrement are very strong that the crops are poisoned by them.In other words, they provide excessive nitrogen. The excrement also do not ferment well.They rather corrode.
You can fix this problem by fermentation. Fermentation rids parasites and converts indigestible substances in to digestible ones.And by using dilution there is no problem of concentration.
30 to 40 years ago all orchard farmers used human excrement;they produced excellent fruits.Now human feces are a big waste and pollution.We should look back at converting waste into resources.

How to make HLF

1. Dig a pit on the ground with adequate width and depth. Inside of  greenhouse is good because higher temperature accelerates the process. Sunny or shade are both OK.
2.Spread a large plastic sheet on the floor and walls of the pit.
3.Put human excrement in the pit.
4.Add water half the weight of excrement(for example 600kg excrement : 300kg water). Currently, the height of ingredients should fill 1/3 of the pit.
5.Add 60kg of fermentation starters. For starters,use yeast cultivated on rice bran.
6. After 4-5 days fermentation will be complete.The smaller the air bubbles, the better the quality. Use stick to stir the material once in a while to promote fermentation.
7. After fermentation,fill the hole with water(1800 kg).It will take one more week to mature.After maturity, the liquid will be dark brown and unfermented solids will surface.

How to use HLF

Dilute 30-50 times before use. Spray on soil or leaves. Results are better when used with IMO or FAA. HLF contains a lots of phosphoric acid;use it accordingly.It also has mineral and salt those are good for crops.

These information's are from Master Cho's book

Wednesday, April 6, 2011

CGNF Waimea class/April 5,2011

Waimea CGNF students brought their homework and show and tell.

Great job collecting IMO 1

Hope these 4 couples create CGNF day :)