Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Permaculture in cold climate

How to make /use SES

Seeds sold in the markets are close to chemical product. They need to be treated to recover their natural powers. Put seeds in warm water. The chemicals will come off then do the seed treatment.

Seed/seedling treatment solution is made by mixing the following inputs (dilution ratio) :

FPJ (1:500)
BRV (1:500)
OHN (1:1000)
NMA (1:1000)
Add FAA (1:1000) if seedlings are small and weak
Add WCA (1:1000) if seedlings are overgrown and soft

Fast germinating seeds( turnip,Chines cabbage,bean) should be soaked for 2 hours; medium germinating seeds ( cucumber, melon,squash,lotus) for 4 hours; slow germinating ones (rice,barley,tomato) for 7 hours.
1/2 to 1 hour is enough for potato,ginger,garlic,and taro.When you transplant rice seedlings,soak or spray SES on the day before transplant. Apply SES after trans plant also.

Sunday, November 7, 2010

Natural Farming chicken feed

NF emphasizes the use of homemade chicken feed. We cut down the use of commercial feed as much as possible. But feed is not just simply made from material lying around. Nutrient balance and effect to chicken bodies are carefully calculated. That is why we can confidently say that NF homemade feed is better than commercial ones. We do not worry about " what to buy", we speculate on and " how we use" " what we have."
Feed is given only once a day compared to conventional poultry where it's given 3-4 times or even throughout the day. We follow the rule " once full and once hungry" in one day. Feed is given 2 hours before sunset.
Observing the law of nature, Natural farming chickens have 2 times longer productive period ( 2-3 years) than conventional method. Not to mention that the NF chickens are much healthy and happy.

* Brown rice grains and bamboo leaves

In NF, we feed freshly hatched chicks with whole brown rice grains in unlimited quantity. No powder feed are given. After giving for 3 days for layer and 1 day for broilers, we add bamboo leaves. On day 50, we add rice husks; gradually increase the proportion to reach 20-25% of the total feed after 6 months when egg-laying rate is 60%. This kind of feed toughens the intestines and grows a very healthy chicken.
Fed with soft and nutritious feed,chicks do not develop strong digestive organs and excrete undigested nutrition. This is source of smell and disease. Just as the newly germinating sprout has the most vital power, the freshly hatched chick has a vigorous ability to adapt and develop. Feeding this tough food, NF chicks develop intestines 260-300cm long, and  ordinary chicks  only grow 130-140cm long.
And the length of cecum is seven times longer!

* Homemade feed

All material other than mineral matter ( rocks) can be turned into feed. For example, fresh green is a good feed. It is available everywhere. It makes up for 1/3 of total feed for adult chickens. Bamboo leaves rich in fiber also serve as an excellent feed.
Feed is abundant on the floors too. Chicken feces are converted into feed by IMOs. Spraying FPJ and LAB will promote fermentation. This can make up for 7-10% of the total feed.
Soil rich in microorganisms is also a given.
Rice husks make up 15-20% of the feed from late Feb to mid May to hold down the laying rate. It can make up as much as 25% to maintain steady laying rate ( 65-70% for 3 years ).

Mixing homemade feed. Rice husk, bran, wild grass, oyster/clam shells, food waste, soil, sawdust,etc. Almost anything can be fed.

Saturday, November 6, 2010

NF chicken housing-no smell, no emission, no cleaning, no disease

NF chicken housing is designed carefully utilize the nature's power and to suit the habits, instincts and behaviors of the residents ( Chickens!)

* Roof and wall

The roof has a window. The roof window allows sunlight to come in and the sun light will always shed light on 1/3 of the floor throughout the day. This bright area shifts as the sun moves, and the whole floor gets a chance to see the sun once ( and is disinfected). The ratio of 1:2 of sun and shade is also ideal for microorganisms to grow.

Roof is made from galvanied zinc sheet which is a good heat conductor. The roof becomes hot so does air beneath it. The hot air escapes through the window and cool wind comes in from the open walls (convection). The wind takes away moisture from the floor, controlling the dampness. The walls are made of net at the front and back and has curtain to control air flow.

* Floor

Floor MUST be touching soil. Chop rice straw in 3 cm length and cover the floor at depth of 7 cm (3 cm for broilers). The soil floor with straw carpet mixes with enzymes on the straw, nutrients in chicken feces, microorganisms and NF inputs (FPJ, LAB, IMO,etc). Air convection povides ideal moisture level on the floor for the IMOs. From April to November, the floor dries up easily so spray water 1-2 times week ( this may differ depending on the regions)
Because IMOs are active in the floor, they break down chicken feces. That is why the chicken house has no smell. Chicken feed on the fermented products of their feces. You do not remove the feces, continue rearing for 10, 20 years without cleaning. Just take it out when you want fertilizers. Take out only 1/2 of the fermanted feces because removing them completly may have negative effect on the chickens. That is why you have no waste,wastewater,excretions to go treatment.
All treatment is done on the floor. The floor is feed producer,fertilizer factory and waste treatment plant.

These information is from Master Cho's NF book

Thursday, November 4, 2010

The three principles of NF poultry

*The three principles of NF poultry

First, floor of chicken housing should be soil. Never use concrete. Part chicken from soil, you will bring diseases.

Second, do not artificially control temperature. Even for small chicks, fermentation heat of compost will suffice. Do not give heating with machines.

Third, feed whole brown rice graines after they hatch. Give bamboo leaves to strengthen the intestines.

* The three purpose of NF poultry

First, poultry farming and agricultural should  complement each other.
Chickens provide food and manure while agricultural by-products are used as their feed.  Agricultural by-products from 10a of land will make up 85% of total feed. Chicken feces will be used as fertilizer. Animal and crops are  interdependent,and the farming household can acquire food self-support and lower the cost.

Second, poultry farming fosters the harmony among family members. It lets each family member ranging from the elderly grandfather to primary schoolchild, present his or her own idea and opinions, and work together upon the consensus. Indeed, NF poultry needs only moderate labor for production. A family shoul work together and through work,form a close relationship.
Nowadays, poultry is completely commercialized; the only purpose is profit.

Third, NF poultry rehabilitates the surrounding environment. It enriches your fild, brings nutrients to your table and helps the community economy. As you practice NF poultry, cooperate and share with your neighbors.

Saturday, October 30, 2010

2 weeks old chicks

First 3 days, I feed them brown rice then add bamboo leaves,IMO4,chick feed and egg yolk.
They are very healthy and some are even try to fly ! They are only 2 weeks old !!!

Friday, October 29, 2010

Dianna Cohen: Tough truths about plastic pollution | Video on

Dianna Cohen: Tough truths about plastic pollution Video on

Lactic Acid Bacteria ( LAB)

(1) What is Lab ?

Lactic acid bacteria are anaerobic microorganisms that decompose sugar in to lactic acid in the absence of oxygen. LAB are very effective in improving ventilation of air in soil and highly effective in growth of fruit trees and leaf vegetables.

LAB are conditionally anaerobic, they can survive with or with out oxygen and withstand high temperature. Lactic acid decomposes or chelates minerals stuck to soil and not easily dissolved; making easy for the plant to absorb.

And when plants absorb lactic acid, body fluid ia adjusted within the plant to increase the disease tolerance and withstand heavy rain without becoming soft.

(2) How to make LAB

* From milk

1. Put rice washed water in a jar ( 2/3 fill and need air space 1/3 on top) Cover the mouth of the jar with paper and let it ferment in the shade. After a week at 68 -75F, lactic acid bacteria propagate and start to give sour smell.

2. Add this fermented rice water to milk : ratio 1 : 10

The best milk is from cows that not fed antibiotics but milk in the market pasturizec in low temperature is also okay. Since milk has more nutrients than rice washed water, the LActic acid bacteria grow vigirously.

3. In 5 -7days, starch,protein and fat float on the surface and yellow liquid remains at the bottom. This is the LAB.Remove the floating substance, save the yellow liquid. Store in a refrigerator. To store in room temperature, mix with same amount of brown sugar.

Using rice washed water is to collect stronger LAB. Only strong ones can survive in poor nutrients condition like rice washed water.

* From beans

1. Steam beans.

2. Add a little sugar and grind with mixer.

3. When the bean milk is warm,pour it in sterilized bottle.

4. seal the bottle, put it in the refrigerator.

5. As time passes, the liquid and solid seperates in the bottle. The liquid in this bottle is the pure natural LAB. This method is adventageous in selectively seperating LAB that withstand high temperature of about 100 C or 230F.

(3) How to use LAB

The basic dilution ratio is 1 part LAB ; 1,000 part water. IMO are mostly aerobic microorganisms, so by using the anaerobic LAB, you can get a balance.

If you add LAB when making mixed compost or liquid fertilizer, you'll have the best fermentation results. It will be better if you add FPJ. The lactic acid (organic acid) prevents the deterioration of the compost.

Combine LAB with IMO to spray onto your fields. Anaerobic microoganiems are powerful tillers. They dig into the soil and turn them soft and fluffy.

Feed LAB (1,000 dilution) with FPJ ( 500) to your live stock when they have disease. It will restore their digestive system.

LAB is extremely effective in making big size fruite and leaves. But be careful because if you use too much the sweetness will drop. So in case of fruites, you should use less LAB in the later stages to manage proper sugar level.

Natural Farming we do not necessarily focus on making complete anaerobic condition when culturing LAB. We belive it is ideal to have culturing condition that is both aerobic and anaerobic. So end- product can adapt to both environment.


Information regarding IMO#4;
IMO(Indigenous Micro-Organism)

1.What is IMO

2.Combined local active Fungus, Bacteria, Small animal which are trained, survived and adapted to the local environment for thousands of years. They are main partner which have contributed the fertility of the soil. IMO will purify the soil water and supply the various nutrients

3.Characteristics of IMO
a) DECOMPOSITION: IMOs will decompose or convert the complex organic chemical compounds like dead bodies of plants, animals, excrements, organic fertilizers enter into the soil into the simple compounds or simple molecules so that material circulation is possible. Many other inorganic nutrients also become easily absorbable by the roots after being decomposed and highly activated by the IMOs.
b) CATALYSIS: IMO will enhance the chemical reactions in the soil. IMOs create complex or organic compounds by synthesis. They produce various materials including antibiotic substances, enzymes and lactic acids.
c) REVITALIZATION: Help to recover the correct balance of Ecosystem. In proper environment the IMOs grows first. Nematodes that feed on these IMOs are then attracted. Earthworms, mole crickets, moles will follow to make the balance of ecosystem normal.
d) SUPPRESSION OF DISEASES: Formation of the Natural Active Ecosystem Cycle will suppress various diseases. IMOs will suppress the overgrowth of certain microorganisms only developed by using chemicals and enhance the growth of various microorganisms. IMOs have survived against many adverse condition for long period and developed strong wild characteristics. This unique character will reduce the harmful diseases to happen in Natural Farming environment

4. How to use IMO#4
a) Soil Foundation: 1 week before seeding or transplanting a new crop, scatter over the field & cover the soil surface about 1 to 1.5 inches depth or 150Kg(=330 lbs.) of IMO#4 per quarter acre of land 2 hours before sunset. Spray soil foundation prep. solution 1 ton per quarter acre of land. If the field had successive cropping disorder, IMO#4 should apply X2 (2 weeks before & 1week before seeding or transplanting). Then use straws or leaves for mulching.
Soil Prep Sol.(BRV=500/FPJ=500/OHN=1000/Maltose=1000/ OW=20-25/M-A=1000)

b) To make IMO#5 or Mixed Compost: Mix IMO#4 & compost materials=Organic matter(1:10) Organic matter=Fowl droppings, Pig manure, Cow manure, Fish meal, Commercial organic fertilize. Added powdered Cow bone/Shrimp shell/Crab shell/ Oyster shell/Egg shell would be good.
Ferment 7-14 days with 1.5 ft. high flat top pile
(65%moisture/FPJ=500/FAA=1000/OHN=1000 /M-A=1000) and cover with mat, straw or leaves.

c) To make liquid IMO#4: Put IMO#4 into the paint strainer(=Nylon stocking) 1:500- 1:1000 & soak
For example; 1 ton(1000 quarts) of water, 2-4 lbs. of IMO#4 is needed.
d) To manage odorless Pigpen, Chicken coup floor

Natural Farming inputs...

Oriental Herbal Nutrient
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Oriental Herbal Nutrient
How to make OHN
Prepare Angelica acutiloba, Cinnamon bark, Licorice, garlic and ginger (2:1:1:1:1). Garlic and ginger are supplementary ingredients.
The three main ingredients are sold in dry state.Put the three main ingredients in tree separate jars and fill up with rice wine or beer so that they are completely soaked. Fill up2/3 of the jars. The amount of rice wine should be such that it fully wet the ingredients but not too much. Let it absorb moisture for 1 or 2 days.
Garlic and ginger don't need wetting process. Crush them and put in seperate jars.
Add brown sugar to the five jars equivalent to the weight of ingredients ( =plant= rice wine).
Cover with porous paper and tie it with rubber band. Leave for 3-5 days for fermentation.
After fermentation, pour distilled liquor into the remaining 1/3 space of the five jars. Stir with stick.
For long storage lid must be sealed tight with no air passing through.
Stir everyday morning.
Add the juice from 5 jars for use in 2 : 1 : 1 : 1 : 1 ratio.
OHN makes crops healthy; it is used throughout the early, vegetative, changeover and fruiting stages. Basic dilution ratio is 500-1,000. When crops are week, mix/apply FPJ (500), BRV (500) and OHN (1,000). When plants have soft rot or anthracnose, add water-soluble calcium (WCA 1,000) to the this solution.

Natural Farming

Theory of Natural Farming
Natural farming is a method of farming that seeks to be in harmony with nature.
Natural Farming affirms that everything we need to grow our food is already around us in abundance. It is sustainable because it eliminates the need to import fertilizers and agricultural chemicals from outside our local environment. Its foundation is cultivating the Indigenous Micro-Organisms already here and incorporating them into our compost and soils. In this healthier environment, the potential of each seed is maximized. Lower costs, higher yields, healthier plants, less disease, complete sustainability are all benefits of learning how to farm naturally.

Bacterial IMO are used primarily for grass and leafy type plants. They are collected from grasslands or patches of bamboo.

MyBaby Chicks

My first baby chick born in the incubator !